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Patricia Gualinga Montalvo is a Kichwa leader from Sarayaku, Ecuador. Numbering some 2,000 people, the Kichwa peopleof Sarayaku live deep in the Ecuadorian Amazon rainforest. They are also known as the “Pueblo del Medio Dia,” or "People of the Zenith" which stems from an ancient prophecy of their ancestors: that Sarayaku would be a pillar of territorial, cultural, and spiritual defense, a beacon of light as strong as the noonday sun at its zenith. Ms. Montalvo is one of the key protagonists in the recent historic indigenous rights victory at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. In 2012, the Court found the Ecuadorian government guilty of rights violations when it authorized oil exploration and militarization of Sarayaku’s lands without consulting the community. The decision included the most detailed and binding language to date on indigenous peoples’ right to prior consultation.